Improved early detection and treatment of our most prevalent cancers has resulted in Australia having some of the highest cancer survival rates in the world, and along with this, a growing number of cancer survivors. However, this increased survival is also associated with the presence and persistence of treatment-related side-effects, as well as increased risk for cancer recurrence and for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and functional decline.
A strong evidence base attests to the ability of regular physical activity, a healthy diet and weight control to reduce both the short- and longer-term adverse effects of cancer treatment. However, lifestyle interventions are not incorporated into routine cancer care. It is now time for researchers to work with cancer program and policy partners to translate the evidence for lifestyle interventions in cancer survivors into practice.